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Concentrate and extract are blanket terms for products derived from the raw cannabis plant and processed into a concentrated form. Cannabis concentrates are often more potent than flower and are more refined. Stripping away the plant material and other impurities during the extraction process helps maximize flavor and provides a smoother experience.

Most concentrates are consumed through dabbing or vaping but can be ingested or used topically, depending on the consistency and type of extract. We’ll outline some of the different forms of concentrates below, but first, how are they made?


In short, concentrates are produced through various solvents, heat, and pressure to separate the oil from the plant matter. At City Trees, we use a state-of-the-art ethanol extraction system and robust hydrocarbon extraction equipment to create craft concentrates with potent cannabinoids and rich terpene profiles.


All of our concentrates are extracted with either a live resin or cured resin process. Live resin concentrates are produced by extracting from freshly harvested cannabis, frozen to subcritical temperatures. Extracting with the live resin process retains many of the cannabinoids and terpenes that are lost in the drying and curing process, giving the final product bright, bold flavors. Cured resin is extracted from dried and cured cannabis, giving cured resin concentrates a closer taste to traditional flower found in the jar.

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Batter, named for its cake batter-like consistency, is packed with terpenes and is easy to scoop and measure doses. We recommend dabbing batter at temperatures between 350°F and 500°F.


Live resin sauce is a high-THC concentrate with a higher terpene content compared to other types of concentrates, giving it a delicious flavor. Sauces typically have a blend of larger THCA diamonds and a distinct liquid terpene layer. We recommend dabbing sauce at low temperatures of 350°F to 400°F to preserve the delicate flavors.

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Sugar is similar to a sauce concentrate, but with smaller, more homogenous THCA crystals blended with terpenes, similar in texture to – you guessed it – sugar! We recommend dabbing sugar at low temperatures of 350°F

to 400°F.


Shatter is a potent cannabis extract known for its brittle, glass-like structure. Shatter is easy to handle and has a long shelf life, making it a popular choice. We recommend dabbing shatter between 400°F and 500°F.

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